عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Observation of justice in income distribution is one of the aims of Islamic economic
system. Principles and criteria of implementation of this goal is the main question of
the paper. After studying the major criteria of income distribution in different
schools of economics, we practice the justly criteria of this subject in Islamic system
and it has been tried to with an inference that is based on the concept of “truth”
restudy the structure of income distribution system.
With a regard on the Islamic sources, we can understand that among different
criteria of income distribution index, the criterion of “eligibility” -subject to
observation of Islamic principles in market- in the stage of distribution of earned
returns and incomes; and the criterion of “equality” in usage of facilities,
opportunities and natural factors, are upheld according to the Islamic rules. But with
regard to the definitions and interpretations that exist for utilitarianism, we cannot
find such a sign for utilitarianism.
The method of functional distribution in Islamic topics has a great similarity with
outcomes of conventional economics, while the topic of “quantity redistribution” in
Islamic economic system which according to the arguable Shariah bases is
considered an individual and social duty, in the atmosphere that is based on the
concept of “truth”, has a major and general role.