بررسی آزمایشگاهی ارتباط میان دینداری و چرخش انگیزه‌ها در فعالیت‌های گروهی؛ رهیافت نظریه بازی‌ها در چارچوب اقتصاد رفتاری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته دکتری اقتصاد، دانشگاه یزد، یزد، ایران

2 دانشیار اقتصاد، دانشگاه یزد، یزد، ایران

3 پژوهشگر پسا دکتری اقتصاد، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف مطالعه حاضر بررسی اثر عامل شناختی دینداری بر رخداد چرخش انگیزه‌ها در فعالیت‌های تیمی است. در این راستا از مبانی اقتصاد رفتاری استفاده و نمونه‌گیری نیز در چارچوب آزمایشگاه و با انجام بازی‌های متوالی و هم‌زمان که کامل، ایستا و پویا و تمام و ناتمام بودند، انجام شد. برای سنجش دینداری نیز از ابزار پرسشنامه استفاده شد. نمونه‌های مورداستفاده در این مطالعه 182 داوطلب از دانشجویان دانشگاه یزد و دانشگاه آیت‌الله حائری میبد بودند که تمایل داشتند در این آزمایش مشارکت کنند. این نمونه‌ها در12 مرحله بازی (6 مرحله بازی هم‌زمان و 6 مرحله بازی متوالی) که شامل 2184 مشاهده می‌شد، مشارکت کرده و در ابتدای بازی وارد آزمایشگاه شده و دستورالعمل نوشته شده را دریافت می‌کردند. نتایج این مطالعه نشان داد که در سطح عملکرد فردی، تصمیمات افراد با سطح دینداری آنان همبستگی نداشته و در هر صورت چرخش انگیزه‌ها رخ خواهد داد؛ اما در سطح تیمی و در بازی هم‌زمان نتایج حاکی از همبستگی دینداری برعملکرد افراد است.  

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

An Experimental Survey of the Relationship between Religiosity and the Incentive Reversal In-Group Activities: A Game Theory Approach in the Framework of Behavioral Economics

نویسندگان [English]

  • Omolbanin Jalali 1
  • Zahra Nasrollahi 2
  • Madjid Hatefi Madjumerd 3
1 Ph.D in Economics,Yazd University, Yazd, Iran
2 Associate Professor of Economics, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran
3 Postdoctoral Researcher of Economics, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of religion on the occurrence of incentive reversal in team work. In this regard, the basics of behavioral economics were used and sample also is done within the framework of the experimental environment to conduct sequential and simultaneous games that were complete, static and dynamic, and perfect and imperfect. A questionnaire was used to measure religion. Samples used in this study were 182 volunteers from Yazd and Ayatollah Haeri students who were willing to participate in this experiment. These samples participated in 12 stages of play (6 simultaneous and 6 sequential game stages), which included 2184 observations, and entered the lab at the beginning of the game and received written instructions. The results of this study showed that, at the level of individual performance, the decisions of individuals has no correlation with their religiosity; and in any case, the incentive reversal will occur. However, at the team level and in the simultaneous game, the results indicate the correlation of religiosity with the performance of individuals.     

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Religiosity
  • Incentive Reversal
  • Game Theory
  • Group Production
  • Laboratory Study
  • Behavioral Economics. JEL Classification: C92
  • D23
  • J31
  • J33
  • J41
  • M12
  • M52
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